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  • 10 Tooth Brushing Mistakes You Must Avoid

     

    Brushing your teeth as part of your morning and evening rituals plays an important role in oral hygiene. It helps you maintain good oral health by removing food particles, debris and plaque from your teeth and bacteria from your mouth.

    Good oral health also impacts your overall health. It helps prevent respiratory diseases, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, improve cognitive functioning and prevent stomach disorders.

    Although tooth brushing is a common task, many of us do not do it correctly. There are many common mistakes that we all commit. To maintain good oral health, you must be aware of these mistakes and avoid them.

    Here are the top 10 tooth brushing mistakes that you must avoid.

    Mistake #1: Using the Wrong Toothbrush

    Toothbrushes come in different sizes, and most people do not know which size to purchase and often do not give it any thought. To clean your teeth correctly, you need to use a properly sized toothbrush.

    If it’s too big, you may have to strain your mouth to keep it open. If it is too small, then proper cleaning will not be possible. When a toothbrush feels good in your hand and mouth and reaches every tooth, then it is the right size.

    You can buy a manual or an electronic toothbrush, whichever you prefer. People who have arthritis or pain in their hands, arms or shoulders may find that an electronic toothbrush is a good option.

    Mistake #2: Choosing the Wrong Bristles

    Just like there are different sizes of toothbrushes, they are also made with different bristles. They may have straight, round, angled or zigzag bristles. Dentists say that angled bristles are generally the best, as they help clean all the teeth properly irrespective of their position.

    Along with the pattern, you need to consider the quality of the bristles. Avoid using a brush with hard and stiff bristles that can erode your dental enamel, irritate your gums and cause recession. Always use a soft-to medium-bristled toothbrush.

    Mistake #3: Using the Wrong Brushing Technique

    We all brush our teeth daily, but we do not give much thought to the technique. The American Dental Association has prepared this guideline on the correct brushing technique:

    1. Align the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to your gum line.
    2. Using short, gentle strokes, move the toothbrush back and forth around your teeth.
    3. Then brush circularly or vertically around the outer, inner and chewing surfaces of all your teeth.
    4. When done, brush your tongue to remove bacteria and prevent bad breath.
    5. Finish by rinsing your mouth thoroughly.

    By following this guideline, you can keep your teeth clea, remove plaque, prevent cavities and get rid of bacteria in your mouth.

    Mistake #4: Not Brushing Adequately

    For overall oral health, the American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth at least twice a day and preferably three times. You must brush in the morning, before going to bed and, if needed, after eating a meal. This will help remove plaque and neutralize the pH of your mouth, keeping your teeth clean and healthy.

     

    You must also brush for 2 minutes, but most people do not follow this routine. To ensure you are spending the required time brushing, divide your teeth into four sections: top left, top right, bottom left and bottom right. While brushing, spend 30 seconds in each section.

    Mistake #5: Brushing Too Frequently

    Some people are overly hygiene-conscious and end up brushing their teeth too frequently. If you brush more than 3 times a day, it can harm your teeth. It can lead to recession of the gum line as well as hastened erosion of dental enamel.

    So, it is advisable not to overdo it. The trick to good oral health is to brush gently for 2 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day.

    Mistake #6: Starting at the Same Spot Each Time

    Most of us start brushing our teeth at the same spot. It’s a common mistake. When we start at a particular point every time we pick up a toothbrush, there is a high chance of getting lazy once we reach the last quadrant of our teeth. This means proper cleaning is not done.

    To clean your teeth thoroughly, dentists recommend to start brushing in a different place each time. This way, all your teeth will get equal time and cleaning. 

    Mistake #7: Ignoring the Inner Surfaces of the Teeth

    While brushing our teeth in the busy morning time, our minds might be preoccupied and we can forget to brush our teeth’s inner surfaces. Such a mistake can lead to a buildup of plaque on the inner surfaces. This can be just as damaging as the plaque on the front of your teeth.

    When brushing, do not focus only on the front of your teeth because it’s the side that is most visible.  You must also brush the inner surfaces of all your teeth to maintain good oral health.

    Mistake #8: Not Rinsing Your Toothbrush After Use

    In our rush to get out of the house in the morning or off to bed at night, we often don’t take time to rinse our toothbrush properly after using it. Due to this, bacteria and food debris remain on the bristles, which may cause infection and gum disease later on. Plus, it may cause the bristles on the brush to become hard.

    To prevent reintroducing bacteria and other germs into your mouth the next time you brush, rinse your toothbrush thoroughly after each use. It is best to hold the toothbrush under running tap water for 1 minute and then allow it to air dry. This will help remove any leftover toothpaste, bacteria and food particles.

    Mistake #9: Storing Your Toothbrush Wet

    Perhaps you are already vigilant about rinsing your toothbrush after each use, but do you put it away in the bathroom cabinet when it is still wet?

    A damp toothbrush becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, and the next time you use it, you are unknowingly introducing bacteria into your mouth, which can cause bad breath and other gum diseases.

    To rectify this mistake, after rinsing your toothbrush, shake off the extra moisture and store it in a brush holder with a cap that allows air in. You can even dry out your toothbrush in the sun for a few minutes. Plus, you can keep two toothbrushes handy, so that one is always dry.

     

    Mistake #10: Not Replacing Your Old Toothbrush

    Many of us use a toothbrush as long as we can. But this is a big mistake that you must avoid. After using a toothbrush for a few months, the bristles start bending and become frayed. A toothbrush in this condition will not clean your teeth properly. Dental experts recommend replacing a toothbrush every 3 to 4 months.

    Take a close look at your brush regularly and make sure the bristles are flexible and straight. If the bristles look frayed, change your toothbrush immediately.

    Resources:

    http://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Science%20and%20Research/Files/watch_materials_brush.ashx

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  • 10 THINGS YOU SHOULD NEVER PUT ON YOUR FACE! (NUMBER 9 WILL COMPLETELY DISAPPOINT YOU)

     

    Unfortunately, the Internet is loaded with many different DIY remedies, tips and methods – including skin care tips. Well, we’re not saying that they’re bad for you! We’re just saying that you should be very careful because some of them can do more harm than good! Yes, some of these homemade skin remedies can do more damage to your skin – than improve its health. As we said, there are many different homemade skin care tips, homemade creams, and other DIY skin care products on the internet today! But, you should be very careful and avoid using this 10 homemade remedies and ingredients!

     

    1. Hairspray

    You’ve probably noticed that many different home remedies for skin care include hairspray! Why – because the hairspray will help you dry out the acne and help you with other skin problems. Yes, hairspray will dry out your skin and acne, but it will also clog your pores and lead to irritation of the skin.

    1. Body Lotion

    The body lotion is called body lotion for a good reason – it is specially designed for your body, not your face. The skin on your body is much thicker and more resistant. And, you should know that the body lotions usually contain more aroma and fewer ingredients that are intended to moisturize.

    1. Toothpaste

    Many people around the world apply toothpaste on their face – usually to dry out the acne. Yes, this will help you with your acne problems, but, unfortunately, it will also irritate the skin and can cause serious skin problems, such as chemical burns or scars.

    1. Vaseline

    Many people around the world use Vaseline to moisturize their dry or chapped skin. You can also use this ingredient to treat bites from bugs or cuts, but, you should be very careful because this ingredient is not the best solution for your face. When you apply Vaseline for the first time, you usually get that feeling like it’s too moisturizing and softening your skin, but it actually leads to more pimples and dry condition.

     
    1. Hot water

    We all love a hot and steamy shower. But, you should be very careful, because too much hot water will soften the natural oils and remove the protective barrier that keeps moisture from escaping. This will cause more dryness.

    1. Hydrogen Peroxide

    Many people around the world use this powerful ingredient to prevent infection of minor cuts and burns, but – you should know that hydrogen peroxide isn’t a good choice for treating acne. Many experts around the world also say that hydrogen peroxide can cause inflammation and allergic reactions.

    1. Sugar

    Many different DIY skin care products contain sugar, right? This is another idea that seems like it will work, but it actually does more harm than good. As we mentioned before, your facial skin is not as elastic as the skin on your body. This ingredient may be good for your body or your feet, but it can damage your skin on the face.

    1. Alcohol

    Alcohol can be beneficial for many different things, but not for your face. The alcohol may be used to sterilize the wound and prevent infection. When you apply alcohol on your face, you can feel the freshness, but it can actually dissolve the DNA of your skin cells, resulting in dead skin cells.

    1. Baking soda

    We all know that baking soda has a rough texture and consistency, which is the main reason why many people think that this is the best ingredient for skin peeling. The experts say that maintaining the natural pH balance is vital to have a healthy skin. So, if you use baking soda to restore this balance, it will damage your skin and prevent it being able to retain moisture.

    1. Lemon

    You should know that the lemon can disrupt your pH balance from your face, which means that you should avoid using any of these items on site. As we said you should avoid these 10 ingredients, because they can do more harm than good! We really hope you find this article helpful and don’t forget to share it with your friends and family. Thank You and take care!

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  • End in sight for HIV?

     

    South African scientists have been testing the newly modified vaccine for two years in this country: first to ensure its safety and then to see if it activated the immune system.

    Yesterday, at the HIV Vaccine Trial Network conference in Washington DC, it was announced that the tests had been successful and a three-year trial involving 5700 people aged 18 to 35 will kick off in November. Results are expected by 2020.

    The vaccine is so far advanced in testing that it is likely to be the first marketed. Glenda Gray, head of the Medical Research Council, who will lead the trial, said it was “great news”. Current prevention regimens require strict daily adherence to treatment, which tends to lessen compliance .

    “We need new tools or we won’t have an Aids-free generation,” Gray said.

    The vaccine has been tested in Thailand and was shown to reduce the likelihood of contracting HIV by 60% in the first year, but its effectiveness fell to 31% after three years. The results were announced in 2009. Scientists involved in HIV research reportedly sobbed on hearing that 30 years of work on developing a vaccine had finally achieved some success.

    The vaccine used in Thailand has been modified to fight the South African strain of the virus, and seven years has been devoted to strengthening its efficacy.

    HIV researcher Linda Gail Bekker, who was involved in testing the efficacy of the vaccine in South Africa on 100 people, said the results suggested that the modified vaccine might be “more potent and longer lasting” than the vaccine tested in Thailand.

    Anthony Fauci, director at the US National Institutes of Health, a co-funder of the trial, said the vaccine was “the product of years of study and experimentation”.

    “A safe and effective HIV vaccine could help bring about a durable end to the HIV/Aids pandemic and is particularly needed in Southern Africa, where HIV is more pervasive than anywhere else in the world.”

    The Medicines Control Council and scientists have discussed the level of protection that the vaccine must give if it is to be approved by regulators.

     

    The vaccine is not expected to be 100% effective. Scientists want to use it in conjunction with male circumcision and other HIV-prevention methods, such as treating infected people, in an attempt to lower the rate of new infections. About 1000 South Africans are infected with HIV every day.

    Mitchell Warren, director of NGO AVAC, said even a partially effective vaccine could significantly decrease the infection rate over decades.

    Warren said that a vaccine that would reduce the risk of contracting HIV by 70% and lasted for five years “would reduce annual new infections by 44% over the first decade, by 65% in the first 25 years and by 78% to 122000 in 2070”.

    “We don’t know if the vaccine being trialled in South Africa will be as effective as this but the modelling does confirm that a partially protective vaccine would have significant impact.”

    South Africa has about 6.4million people with HIV – the highest incidence in the world – and it has the world’s biggest treatment programme with 3.2million people on antiretrovirals and there are plans to expand this by 300000 a year.

    An extra R1-billion has been set aside to increase access to treatment.

    Deputy director of Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute Francois Venter said: “Having something that doesn’t have to be carried in your pocket or used during sex, and which is permanent, would be a huge benefit.”

    Source:http://www.timeslive.co.za/thetimes/2016/05/19/End-in-sight-for-HIV

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  • How to heal cracked heels - Amharic

     

    Cracked heels are a frequent notion among world population. Moreover, different creams, peels, rubbing stones, etc. often require a lot of effort, money, as well as persistence. However, even if you have all these three allies, there is still a chance of failure to soften the cracked heels. But, do not worry, since one of the best natural solutions is available to everyone: lemon. First, take a lemon that is at the size of your heel and squeeze it. Use the juice for lemonade, whereas you will need the peel for the treatment. And, put a half of the peel on the heel and put on socks.

     

    The lemon peel will remove all the dry and hard skin. For optimal results, leave the peel overnight. You will feel the difference only after one night of treatment. Repeat the treatment several times until you notice improvement. Instead of lemon peel, you can also apply chopped onion.
     

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